Comprehensive approach: the security community debate

Security community

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Despite a long record of armed conflicts between Germany and France, the European security community has made war between these two less likely.

security community is a region in which a large-scale use of violence (such as war) has become very unlikely or even unthinkable.[1] The term was coined by the prominent political scientist Karl Deutsch in 1957. In their seminal work Political community and the North Atlantic area: international organization in the light of historical experience, Deutsch and his collaborators defined a security community as “a group of people” believing “that they have come to agreement on at least this one point: that common social problems must and can be resolved by processes of ‘peaceful change’”.[2] Peaceful change was defined as “the resolution of social problems, normally by institutionalized procedures, without resort to large-scale physical force”.[2] People in a security community are also bound by the “sense of community”, the mutual sympathy, trust, and common interests.[2] The concept has not become a mainstream term in the field of international security despite its long history. One test, byMichael Haas, compared successful with unsuccessful security-community-oriented organizations, finding that the only variable with a statistically significant relationship out of Deutsch's 12 variables was mututal compatibility of man values.[7] After the end of the Cold War, it was adapted by constructivist scholars. A major impetus was the book Security Communities (1998) edited by Emanuel Adler and Michael Barnett. They redefined the security community by shared identities, values, and meanings, many-sided direct interactions, and reciprocal long-term interest.[3] Several regions of the world have been studied in the security community framework since then, most notably the European Union, the American-Canadian and American-Mexican dyadsMercosur, and ASEAN.[1] Michael Haas compared the Asian and Pacific CouncilAsian-Pacific Parliamentarians UnionAssociation of South East Asian NationsIndochinese Foreign Ministers ConferenceSouth Asian Association for Regional CooperationSouth-East Asia Treaty Organization, and the South Pacific Forum. The latter was later renamed the Pacific Islands Forum.

With some earlier relevant blog posts and documents posted on this website and in the webbrain. Next event in Berlin 20 March hosted by CORE Institute focussing on arms control.

For an overview of all the 15 blog posts until now click "Översikt" below. 


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25.08 | 12:23


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United Nations,UN & UN WOMEN
“Change the World Programme”

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22.07 | 21:50

Spännande artikel som också passar väl in i OSSE-sammanhang.

06.06 | 05:58

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05.06 | 10:55

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